how to install shingles on a shed

The size of your shed influences the roof membrane selection. Eugene has been a DIY enthusiast for most of his life and loves being creative while inspiring creativity in others. Begin at the left using a shingle that you have cut half the left-most tab off (from top to bottom). Picking the right roofing shingle for your shed depends on several factors. Shingles can affect your utility consumption. felt (moving up toward the peak). Align the straight edge with the top of the cut-out slot, hold it firm, and score the shingle several times until the tabs separate from the shingle. The plywood sheathing should be laid with the grain of the plywood perpendicular to the roof Granules fall off Align the shingle and nail into place. The two adhesive strips face against the roof deck, with the cut edge at the drip edge. sheathing. Continue nailing cut shingles along the bottom row to create a solid strip of shingles at the bottom of the roof. Costs 20% more than architectural shingles Align each new row with the next 5” higher up chalk line. I helped shingle my first roof almost 50 years ago. You can rent safety harnesses, roof jacks, and planks, even ladder lifts. Use stainless steel staples to hold it in place. Hopefully, you have a better idea of what shingles you want to use, and how to install them. creates a durable, watertight and attractive roof for your shed! every third row of shingles will line up. Lay out the shingles on the ground first, to get a clear understanding of how the pattern works, before you stick them to your shed. Cheap builder's grade shingles are generally a 20-year shingle. Install a continuous starter strip or full-sized shingles, which are simply turned … Continue to lay the felt and secure with cap nails. I once stepped from the dry, sunny side of a roof onto the shady side which still had dew on it. Complete the first row. They are used to form a starter row with a continuous line of sealant. Use a speed square for the angles. To calculate the number of shingles you need, multiply the length x the width of the roof deck(s) to get the area. Also the The inside two are 1/ 2” above the middle slot cut-outs. To begin the third row, cut one full tab off and save for row 5. Begin row 4 with a shingle cut in half (1 and ½ tabs), and complete that row. Roll the first piece out, so it overhangs at both ends and the front edge. Most sheds are small, so we may not think a harness is necessary – an 8-foot fall won’t hurt you, how you land will. drains away from the roof peak. Begin at the left or middle, depending on manufacturer’s directions. This important piece protects the roof peak from water penetration. Nail the fold-over to the other roof deck. When laying the shingles for the top row, cut 6 inches (15.2 centimeters) from the first shingle in the left corner of the roof using the utility knife. Measure up the rake edge from the drip edge 12-inches less 3/4”, and make a mark (the 3/4” allows for the starter strip overhang the drip edge). attach the felt to the plywood because these nails have a large nail head with a small tack in the The 5th row begins the pattern all over again, and the 6th row starts with a shingle 10-1/2” shorter – which is used for the 8th row. Expect to re-shingle more frequently with a 3-tab than with a higher quality shingle. hurricanes, tornados, and snow loads. Align the starter shingle so that 3/4” sticks past the drip edge. Once the roof is covered with underlay, it is time to attach an asphalt roofing shingle. It's not easy to shingle a conventional residential roof, but you can learn how to install shingles on a shed and pull it off effectively. Table of Contents. The part you want will have the two wider adhesive strips. Complete the row with 3-tab shingles. Install a Starter Course of Shingles Cut the tabs off a shingle. The shingle also tends to be thicker and have a textured look. The 4-nail pattern is 1-inch in on each end and about 13-1/4” between the end nails and the middle two nails. Your budget and how frequently you want to do maintenance or replace the shingles are other considerations that affect how well the shingles will function. Begin row 5 with the 1-tab shingle, and row 6 with the 1/2-tab shingle. Once the first row of felt is laid and attached, lay the second layer of Your comments are appreciated. along the felt at the seam. Mark the cutouts at a place where the tab meets the upper part of shingles and place the nails above these cutouts. Many pros shingle in a vertical line up the roof because it’s much faster. Divide the area by the area a bundle of shingles will cover. Nail the starter strip with 1-1/4” galvanized roofing nails in a line 1-1/2” to 3” from the drip edge. The granules are embedded into asphalt or tar-like layer, which is waterproof. Use a straight edge aligned below the middle adhesive strip to cut the starter strip shingle. I use 1-1/4” galvanized roofing nails with a 3/8” head. Start in one bottom corner. Continue laying down shingles … Then, lay the shingles and overlap it according to the manufacturer’s specifications. The second layer of felt should overlap the first layer by about 6", Secure with the 4 or 6 nail pattern. Place a whole shingle next to it. Lay the shingle to be cut upside down on a scrap piece of plywood or OSB, so you have a solid work surface. Cut a starter strip and use it to cover the exposed nail heads. Make sure you buy exterior-grade plywood because it is moisture resistant and less Use a full shingle to begin the 5th course and complete. Lasts 30 to 50 years The last major step in finishing a shed roof is the shingles. Lasts 25 to 30 years I could remove the fascia if the bottom sheet needed some persuasion to go into the groove. the rafter beam is located. This will help seal the edge against moisture and wind. The most common way to weatherproof a roof is with shingles. If you want the shed to match the look of the main Lay the entire first row one at a time, nailing each down with one-inch roofing nails. How do you shingle a shed? I tacked the fascia on the rafter ends so I overlap enough. underlay will only last approximately six months (or less) if left exposed to the elements. Ideally, pick a calm, clear dry day that isn’t too hot or cold (40°F to 85°F). The 30-year shingles are thick and The first step to installing asphalt shingles is to install the drip edge on the eve edge of the roof. Place one nail at each corner, a little way in from the edges, and then one, if not two, in the middle. Pros: If you know someone who is planning to shingle or re-shingle a shed, share the article. rafters. Installing plastic guttering to your shed roof. The style and slope of the roof may work better with an architectural shingle or a 3-tab. Align the first shingle as with manufacturer’s instructions, and secure with 4 or 6 galvanized roofing nails. Thicker so less likely to curl at edges, Cons: Nail down the shingles in an overlapping pattern that covers seams and nails. Row 7 begins with a full 3-tab shingle. to be sufficient for most shed projects. The thicker tabs from architectural shingles tend to crack and not sit flat. of more substantial sheds and Home Offices in the UK is an increasingly popular option. This sheet should be laid last to ensure that all water this side of the pond as Roofing Underlay. Complete the first row. They’re great for helping to stick shingle tabs that the wind likes to ruffle too. rafter beam using 2" galvanized nails. The next shingle tab over-laps so only 5-1/2” of the previous tab is exposed. The color of shingle you pick is also important. Then, in accordance with local guidelines, nail the sheathing to the Can be painted or stained. Maybe there’s more to it than you thought? Look better than 3-tab Not The 6th row repeats the 10-1/2” cut, the 7th uses the 21” cut-off from row 3, and the pattern repeats until the roof is completed. When I get to the end of a course of shingles, I don’t bother trimming the shingles at the top of the shed before installing them. For more details check out my post about finishing the top edge of the shed roof. Great curb appeal A bundle covers about 33sqft, or 1/3 of a square, which is 100sqft. Note: Avoid applying too much tar because it may ooze out and onto your building when you place the the building codes in your area, your shingle may need 4-6 nails for each section of shingle. Cut the 1 1/2" x 1 1/2" metal drip edge using tin snips. It provides a strong waterproof and wind seal at the roof edges. Measure up the rest of the rake edge to the peak and make a mark every 5 inches. Attach the starter strip Nail down the shingles in an overlapping pattern that covers seams and nails. The powder or dust also helps make the shingle more resistant it is to fire. Installing Roof Shingles Is A Great Option For Making A Watertight Roof To Your Shed Make sure the roof structure is sound before you start. Repeat until the ridge or hip is done. The top layer is the side everyone sees; it is composed of fine granules of colored stone. Shingling your shed might be good practice before tackling a bigger job like your house too. The tabs of the last row of shingles should come within 5-1/2” of the ridge. The winds or amount of sun the roof is exposed to may make the heavier dimensional shingle a better choice too. the overlapping shingles above. Costs 25% more than 3-tab shingles For more information on what type of nails to use to fasten shingles check out my post about what fasteners to use in shed construction. have more to do with the thickness of the shingle rather than the number of years they are expected Use a chalk-line to mark each plywood sheet, snapping the line to clearly mark where Continue laying shingles end to end until you reach the other end of the roof face. Cut the last ridge cap in half and nail it flush with the other end of the roof. The nails should be in a line about 6-1/2” to 7” above the bottom of the tabs. Begin with a starter strip of shingles. Following the above steps to finish the roof of your lean-to or single-slope shed will help you keep your shed dry for many years. If moisture gets under the shingles, it will cause rot, mold, and leaks. the bottom edge of the roof and lay a row of roofing shingles upside down all the way across the I use a shingle with tabs as a guide so the nails don’t line up with a slot in the first course. Trim the last shingle to fit by scoring the tar side with a razor blade and cleanly snapping the shingle … for every new row. Installing roof shingles is popular roof covering for sheds in North America and with the advent That helps your final layer of shingles look flat with a proper installation. If you install it properly you can pretty much forget maintenance for the life of the shed. Align the first full shingle with the 12” chalk line. durable roofing option and not much more difficult to install than standard mineral roofing felt Depending on Cut the exceeding shingles with razor blade neatly. Expensive and time consuming to install Sounds easy, so why do they have all that other stuff in the roofing section at the building supply store? Did you know EPDM lasts 3 times as long as roof shingles and is cheaper? The sealant forms a better bond and seal between the first row of shingles and the starter strip. Heavier than 3-tab A helper or two can make the task go faster, and easier. Snap the next chalk line 5-inches above the installed shingle. Begin at the bottom of one side of the roof and lay the underlay horizontally all the way across Cut 10-1/2” off the left end of the first shingle in the second row, save the cut-off for the start of the 4th row. Sure, there are more shingle choices, but safety is a priority, even for the DIYer. Lay the next row of shingles, directly on top of the first row, making the row two tiles thick. Therefore, it’s prudent to cover the entire dormer with ice and water protector before installing shingles. Can shingle over top of one existing layer, Cons: OSB is less expensive, and I prefer 19/32” T&G. The nails should be in a line about 6-1/4” up from the tab edges. Align and install the 2-tab shingle aligned with the next 5-inch higher chalk line. Do this on both sides of the roof. Laying the sheathing this way ensures that you create a sound structure. Having the rented tools ready for the right weather conditions may be a problem. The most common asphalt shingle and have 1/4” slots cut out to form three 12-inch rectangular tabs in their bottom half. If your shed isn’t insulated, you may want to reconsider your color choice. Cut the shingle into 3 equal pieces by extending the tab slot. Begin with the bottom of the roof: Nails are required to be placed properly at the bottom narrow row so that the next rows hold the top edge of the lower row and provide shape to the roof. Make a corner in each of the shed roof end pieces and extend the drip edge up the rake of the roof 2 inches. If a roof is going to leak, it will most likely occur wherever the shingle … Lighter colors reflect more of the heat. The style of roof, your climate, and what roofing material is on your house or the other buildings on your property are other considerations. Fold the top of the shingle over the ridge. Roofing shingles come in strips that are generally about 3-feet long and 8 or 10 inches wide. Install the drip edge over the gable end felt and under the eaves felt. A thin fiberglass web is used between the top asphalt layer and the bottom asphalt layer and acts to reinforce the shingle. If you want the shingles on your shed to match your house or other outbuildings, the decision is fairly simple. Use 4 nails for a 3-tab shingle – about 1/2” above each cut-out and 1” in from the ends and the same distance up from the bottom edge. Some people also suggest moving the shingles over 6" Unfortunately, sheds are prone to weather How to Pick the Right Type and Color of Roofing Shingles, Basic Planning and Preparation Before Installing Roof Shingles, How to Shingle a Shed with Architectural Shingles, what fasteners to use in shed construction. Covering the joints and valleys. Return from Installing Roof Shingles to the Shed Roofing materials hub page, #addSiteTo{width:90%;font-size:85%;text-align:center;padding:8px 0;border:1px solid #000;margin:12px auto}#addSiteTo p{padding:2px 2px 4px;margin:0}#addSiteTo img{border:0;padding:1px 0}#addSiteTo .questionMark{padding:0;margin:1px auto;text-align:center;width:75%}#addSiteTo .questionMark img{margin:0 4px 4px 0;padding:0}, Keep in touch with our monthly newsletter, Copyright © 2008-2019. Tabs cover nails heads and the shingle is 10-1/2” shorter. Nail the new shingle in using roofing nails. Secure it (and all ensuing shingles) with the nail gun as you did in Step 2. From old growth softwood When shingling a shed roof with three-tab shingles (the standard, asphalt-covered, tar-backed shingles used on most residential roofs), you will come to a point at which the top row must be finished with another type of shingle (i.e., ridge cap shingles). If there are shingles that don’t quite line up, use tin snips to trim the edges. Starter shingles are shingles that have no tabs. Next, fix what is commonly referred to in North America as 30-pound felt paper, or tar paper and Additionally, dark-colored shingles will absorb solar heat and transfer it into the building. One you have covered both sides of the roof, you will need to attach a roof ridge shingle. Divided by 33sqft, and I’ll need 3.63 or 4 full bundles. Also, the sealing strip doesn’t stick if it’s cold. The better the shingle, the longer and better protected your investment will be. Bend the shingle tab over the ridge or hip, secure with nails 6” up and 1” in from the edge. As you lay subsequent rows of shingles, stagger their placement so that seams do not line up and underlay provides a secondary, or backup waterproof layer to stop any water that makes it through Dimensional asphalt shingles are thicker Architectural shingles that have two lower layers bonded together to give a 3-dimensional look. Once both roof decks have been shingled and ridge has two layers of shingle tops folded over it, you’re ready for the finishing touches. Cover the roof in felt roofing paper; Install a cedar breather if needed; Use a chalk line to align the starter course of cedar shingles; Install shingles using 2” weather-resistant nails; Install the first course directly on top of the starter course; Add remaining courses until you reach the roofline Repeat this on the other rake edge. Save the half tab to start the 6th row. A few experienced helpers can make the job much easier, too. It works well with asphalt shingles and metal flashing and drip edge, and eaves troughs. You can make your own jacks and ladder lifts if you want. Shingling a roof with architectural shingles is similar to using 3-tab shingles. thicker shingles will increase the durablity of the roof and resistance to high winds.. The extra foot allows for a 6-inch overhang at each end. You can sheath the roof in either OSB or plywood. the shingles. Pros: For the first course of shingles, snap the chalk line at the 12-inch mark. Nail the shingle in place with four nails so the shingle overlaps the drip cap on the end and bottom of the roof by 1/2 to 3/4 inch. Use a straight edge and utility knife to ensure the cuts are even and straight. Ask This Old House general contractor Tom Silva reveals the best ways to secure shingles to a roof. Edges curl and break off. Moss and algae can grow and damage shingles Once all the rake fascia are in place, measure and cut the fascia and nail it to the rafter ends. Natural and environmentally friendly, Cons: Installing shingles can be a major project but can be accomplished by a knowledgeable DIYer with the right set of tools, safety precautions, and good instructions. They should be in a straight line 1-1/2” to 3” up from the bottom edge. The exposed bottom edge can be cut or trimmed in a variety of shapes to enhance the finish. Start at the left of the ridge and work to the right or the bottom of the hip and work up. shingles on. In this article, I’ll go over the different roofing choices, how roof slope influences those choices, and the steps to properly shingle your shed roof. 30-pound roofing felt is less expensive than self-adhering water and ice shield. Cover the nails on that … Repeat until the starter strip row is installed. This way, This will create the … Install the drip edge over the gable end felt and under the eaves felt. This step is important because it brings the underlying surface back to a level height, consistent with the rest of the roof plane. The nail should be driven in perpendicular to the shingle and the head should set flush, not overdriven. Trim the front overlap, wrap it around the rake edge, and nail in place. The opposing marks will help guide the placement of a chalk line to keep each row straight. How to install the gambrel shed roof shingles. Off-set each row by half a sheet (4-feet) so the seams don’t line up; it makes for a stronger roof.
how to install shingles on a shed 2021