bibliography example apa

The publication date comes after the author's last name, initials. Consider the purpose of your annotated bibliography and/or your instructor’s directions when deciding how much information to include in your annotations. The equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style can be found here. In general, each work cited in the text must appear in the reference list, and each work in the reference list must be cited in the text. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896. Compile all the sources you might possibly use in your paper. 1) Waite, L. J., Goldschneider, F. K., & Witsberger, C. (1986). Click here. Media Files: APA Sample Student Paper , APA Sample Professional Paper This resource is enhanced by Acrobat PDF files. Download. Example Free Annotated Bibliography Papers Free Download. examples of both APA and MLA format descriptive bibliographies. All rights reserved. For dates, spell out the names of months in the text of your paper, but abbreviate them in the list of works cited, except for May, June, and July. New York: Random House. Center the word "Abstract," then drop down a double space and write a 120- to 150-word summary about what your paper will include. Retrieved June 19, 1998, from Alderman Library, University of Virginia website: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/subjects/afam.html Thurber, James. When printing this document, you may NOT modify it in any way. 013 Sample Apa Annotated Bibliography Example 82822 Template . Journal articles published as PDFs often use an e-locator (the letter “e” followed by a series of numbers, e.g. Pin By … Retrieved March 22, 2005, from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/english/protection/biologics_genetics/gen_mod_foods/genmodebk.html, Hilts, P. J. Annotated Bibliography Assignment 1 200 Points . Start on a New Page . Pettingill, O. S., Jr. (1980). New York: Random House. (Publication date). Our examples use italics. Citing Authors With Multiple Works From One Year: Works should be cited with a, b, c etc following the date. 2. Darwin T. Turner. elearning.gilman.edu. Example of a bibliography item for an book BibTeX entry. Westport, Conn: Praeger. Learn how MindView makes APA formatting easier. The creators: A history of the heroes of the imagination. Henry, W. A., III. 26, pp. Fredrickson, B. L. (2000, March 7). General guidelines. A reader's guide to science fiction. He outlines some fundamental assumptions supporting the belief that all society members should contribute to the upbringing of children. Book title. Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. (1993). Annotated Bibliography Example Pdf Apa. This example is based on the APA style guide, but your instructor might give you other formatting instructions. APA 6th Edition Guide. Write the main body of the paper. Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Format Examples Books Format: Author's last name, first initial. If the author's name is unknown, alphabetize by the title, ignoring any A, An, or The. In Covell, K., & Howe, R. B. He laments that the Conservative government scaled back the program in favour of the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB), and clearly explains why it is inferior. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th edition (APA Manual) is kept behind the iDesk on the First Floor. For more information on references and reference examples, see Chapters 9 and 10 of the Publication Manual as well as the Concise Guide to APA Style (7th ed.). Your list of works cited should begin at the end of the paper on a new page with the centered title, References. Amsterdam: Mindset publishers. Drawing on data from Canada’s annual Survey of Consumer Finances, the authors consider whether each family had one or two parents, the age of single parents, and the number of children in each household. What Are The Peculiarities One Has To Know When Writing An . 501-508). World book encyclopedia. Example: (2018, October 8) (back to top) APA Format References. Author's name. As the term suggests, an in-text citation is a method used to refer to the works of others within the text of your work. This example is based on the APA style guide, but your instructor might give you other formatting instructions. In The new encyclopedia britannica (Vol. Creating an annotated bibliography in APA style. APA Bibliography: Examples of Various Entries. Add the annotations on the line right after their corresponding reference. Samples Of Apa Annotated Bibliography 6th Edition Apa . Free Downloadable Annotated Bibliography General Refernces. Retrieved November 20, 2000, from http://journals.apa.org/prevention/volume3/pre0030001a.html, GVU's 8th WWW user survey. Trillin, C. (1993, February 15). However, Battle relies too heavily on his own work; he is the sole or primary author of almost half the sources in his bibliography. Include a page number in the upper right corner; if this annotated bibliography example in apa 6th edition format is a professional paper, it should be a running head. A reference list highlights the sources used for collecting information. You might want to consider the logic of authors' arguments, and the quality of their evidence. Examples: Allen, T. (1974). states the following formatting rules: The Memorial University of Newfoundland presents these examples of both descriptive and critical annotations. More APA format tips: Capitalize the first word in the title, subtitle, and proper nouns. Nonfamily living and the erosion of … Diet and body control. for the rest. It credits the authors whose works you have used and quoted to support your main topic. Use either the day-month-year style (22 July 1999) or the month-day-year style (July 22, 1999) and be consistent. Vanishing wildlife of North America. For example purposes, we will explore APA vs MLA. Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). Always check with your instructor regarding their preference of using italics or underlining. Alphabetize the entries in your list by the author's last name, using the letter-by-letter system (ignore spaces and other punctuation.) (1990, April 9). Falcon and Falconry. APA website citations usually include the author, the publication date, the title of the page or article, the website name, and the URL. Apparently, abortion is classified as a measure of "self-d… This offers context for analyzing the scope and financial reality of child poverty in Canada. APA Bibliography: In-Text. 2. (p. 600). A bibliography is a list of every work you used while writing your paper, whether or not it was specifically cited. The only difference is in book identifications format: you write full last name and initials of the author’s first name, date, book/article title, magazine title, issue/number, and. Citing a journal article Journal articles will usually indicate the volume, issue, and name of the journal they’re published in. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association does not give specific guidelines on how to create an annotated bibliography. APA Bibliography example of an References page. Start a new page and write the abstract for your APA biography. Allen, T. (1974). Note: If a document is contained within a large and complex website (such as that for a university or a government agency), identify the host organization and the relevant program or department before giving the URL for the document itself. Culture shopping. Child poverty: The evolution and impact of child benefits. Responsible leadership, stakeholder engagement, and the emergence of social capital. Include a page number in the upper right corner; if this is a professional paper, it should be a running head. Paper Roller Coasters - Fun STEM Activity! The safety of genetically modified food crops. The book examines abortion from legal, ethical, and empirical perspectives. APA Style papers generally include reference lists, not bibliographies. Please enter a search term in the text box. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th edition (APA Manual) is kept behind the iDesk on the First Floor. Kalette, D. (1986, July 21). APA footnotes example. Presenting your findings: A practical guide for creating tables. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. Cornell University Library offers these examples of both APA and MLA format descriptive bibliographies. With the month-day-year style, be sure to add a comma after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there. Your professor might also want you to explain why the source is relevant to your assignment. Download the free Acrobat Reader The two are similar in many ways, but there are some major differences as well. Generate Apa Annotated Bibliographies Templates At . But, if you use a computer, then publication names should be in italics as they are below. He outlines the NCB’s development, costs, and benefits, including its dollar contribution to a typical recipient’s income. For an annotated bibliography APA … Correct APA date format is mandatory to be followed where available. The format of your annotated bibliography follow the same format as any APA paper. List the sources in alphabetical order using the author's last name. He could make this work stronger by drawing from the perspectives of others' analyses. Despite the varying terms, the difference between a bibliography, an annotated bibliography and a works cited page is simple. … Now let’s have a look at what properly formatted APA footnotes look like in action. Here is an example: Example: Jelen, T. G. (1995). Retrieved January 23, 2002, from http://whyfiles.org/137lightning/index.html. Sociology professors Kerr and Beaujot analyze the demographics of impoverished families. Time, 113, 71-72. (2002, February). Note: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October 2019. Copyright © 2002-2021 Science Buddies. Boorstin, D. (1992). View our guide for APA Style Help. The requirements of a reference list are that all references cited in the text of a paper must be listed alphabetically by first author's last name in the list of references and that all references listed must be cited within the text. Ken Battle draws on his research as an extensively-published policy analyst, and a close study of some government documents, to explain child benefits in Canada. Annotated Bibliography Apa For Website Examples Fast . When reports were written on typewriters, the names of publications were underlined because most typewriters had no way to print italics. Prevention & Treatment, 3, Article 0001a. Gather Your Sources . Here, however, you detail the author's full last name and first name initials. If the page is likely to change over time, add a retrieval date. (1988). Perspectives on the politics of abortion. Maak, T. (2007). Welcome to a comprehensive guide on citing sources and formatting papers in the American Psychological Association style. Title of work. Files. 1. For any other use, please contact Science Buddies. An example of a bibliography citing such books is as follows: Danny Irvings, E.U. All APA citations should use hanging indents, that is, the first line of an entry should be flush left, and the second and subsequent lines should be indented 1/2". When it is time to turn in your Bibliography, type all of your sources into a list. The Why? New York: Norton. Purdue Owl Annotated Bibliography Example Apa Blackbackpub Com . 3. Sample Bibliography: APA The basic format for a book citation requires listing the author's name, the title of the book, the publisher's name, and the date of publication. 48-51. Searles, B., & Last, M. (1979). Vanishing wildlife of North America. In this case, such papers follow the APA format since it is a common writing style used for research papers or essays. If a source has more than one author, alphabetize using the first one. Sample Page: APA-formatted annotated bibliography, Child Poverty in Canada                 2. Break a lengthy URL that goes to another line after a slash or before a period. APA Date Format. APA Annotated Bibliography Template How to create an annotated bibliography Below is a sample of an Evaluative Annotation: Example – Evaluative Annotation . GOOD TO KNOW: Read our article about referencing & citation styles to find out how to write a perfect bibliography! Basic Rules . Examples of annotated bibliography, APA are mentioned below. City of publication: Publishing company. Retrieved month day, year, from full URL According to APA style, bibliography entries for various types of sources should have different formats. Online document: The basic format of a journal article reference involves listing authors by their last names followed by their initials. His comparison of Canadian child poverty rates to those in other countries provides a useful wake-up to anyone assuming Canadian society is doing a good job of protecting children from want. To make the correct APA … An example of this bibliography is a card catalogue. (n.d.). Cane. Below are reference and in-text citation examples, directions on formatting your paper, and background information on the style. the examples in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). Consult resources like Academic Writer, Grammarly, and NoodleTools If you write a bibliography by hand, you should still underline the names of publications. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) Here is an example of a concise, relevant, and properly formatted footnote from “The role of renewable energy in the global economy transformation”, published in Energy Strategy Reviews. APA Sample Annotated Bibliography 1 Source: Diana Hacker (Boston: Bedford/St. How To Write An Apa Annotated Bibliography Of An Article . Basically, any research process includes finding information related to the theme under investigation. What Are The Peculiarities One Has To Know When Writing An . Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works within longer works. Lightning injures four at music festival. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. Example of a bibliography item for an article BibTeX entry. New York: Facts on File, Inc. Toomer, J. Some annotations are merely descriptive, summarizing the authors' qualifications, research methods, and arguments. APA Style ® calls for a list of references instead of a bibliography. In order to write an APA format bibliography, here are four steps you should take. Ed. Please keep in mind that all your text, including the write-up beneath the citation, must be indented so that the author's last name is the only text that is flush left. Additional information. Note that The American Psychological Association does not provide guidelines or promote the development of annotated bibliographies. Heard any good books lately? The reference list provides a reliable way for readers to identify and locate the works cited in a paper. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. Lady freedom among us. book . APA Bibliography Example . Kerr, D., & Beaujot, R. (2003). Reproduction of material from this website without written permission is strictly prohibited. New York Times. Monographs are books that address a particular topic. Making the grade in today's schools. Battle, K. (2007). Many annotations evaluate the quality of scholarship in a book or article. He pays particular attention to the National Child Benefit (NCB), arguing that it did not deserve the criticism it received from politicians and journalists. Harlow, H. F. (1983). We use cookies and those of third party providers to deliver the best possible web experience and to compile statistics. In forecasting their emotions, most people flunk out. Examples . Download > Various Places You Can Use The Free … Edited books, when cited in full, will list the editor's name instead of an author’s name. Based on prior editions of the APA Manual, here is an example of how this may be done when it is requested for a Starting with the year, month, and day. If a document is undated, use "n.d." (for no date) immediately after the document title. The Electronic Text Center. Download. Journal Article (Section 10.1) An annotated bibliography is a bibliography with a short note by the author explaining the significance of the source. Sample Free Annotated Bibliography in APA Style Free Download. A guide to using the 7th Edition of the American Psychological Association (APA) Style. Below are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the American Psychological Association (APA). Here Is An Excellent Apa Citation Example To Help You . Sample MLA Annotation Note: When citing Internet sources, refer to the specific website document. Precede the URL with a colon. If there are more than six authors, list only the first one and use et al. For more information on the APA format, see http://www.apastyle.org. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster. Dove, R. (1998). Tobias, R. (1991). Nicol, A. M., & Pexman, P. M. (1999). Devitt, T. (2001, August 2). d155.org. If an author is unknown, alphabetize that source … library.csun.edu. Depending on the assignment, this annotation may be solely descriptive, or analytical. Italicize the name of the publication and the volume number. The type of bibliography you create will depend largely on the type of citation or writing style that you are following. Retrieved August 8, 2000, from http://www.cc.gatech.edu/gvu/usersurveys/survey1997-10/, Health Canada. 21-44). There is no period following a URL. (2016). The periodical title is run in title case, and is followed by the volume number which, with the title, is also italicized. APA Sample Paper. Creating an annotated bibliography in APA style. For example: (Mitchell, 2017a) Or … If there is more than one author, use an ampersand (&) before the name of the last author. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica. Mention as much of the dates as you can. They analyze child poverty rates in light of these demographic factors, as well as larger. A works cited page is a list of every work cited in the text of your paper. Start it on a new page, with the title “Bibliography” centered at the top. Annotated Bibliography Example Mla Apa Sample Annotation . Afterward, write the book/article title, issue/number, and place of publication. Martin’s, 2008). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. For example: (“APA Citation”, 2017). Retrieved November 21, 2000, from http://www.nytimes.com, Sample Bibliography: APA Reference List Format, You can find this page online at: https://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/science-fair/writing-a-bibliography-apa-format. Kanfer, S. (1986, July 21). (Eds), A question of commitment: Children's rights in Canada (pp. nps.gov . Use the examples in MLA Format Examples or APA Format Examples as a template to insure that each source is formatted correctly. e1034762) instead of a … Free APA Annotated Bibliography Template Format Download. Continually check your references to online documents. Example: (Henriquez, 2018.) Your working bibliography should be kept separate from the rest of your paper. BibTeX bibliography style apa: examples of in-text citations and bibliography for journal articles and books. Note: If you cannot find some of this information, cite what is available. Chicago: World Book. USA Today, 9, p. A1. Child poverty and family structure in Canada, 1981-1997. The APA guidelines specify using sentence-style capitalization for the titles of books or articles, so you should capitalize only the first word of a title and subtitle. This APA annotated bibliography example can help many scholars and students to save their time when they want to organize credible sources for their research. Information on Annotated Bibliographies can be found in Section 9.51 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.) Only the initials of the first and middle names are given. Annotated Bibliography Template Apa . Relativity. Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Do not indent the abstract. Indent annotations ½ inch from the left margin. Encyclopedia americana. Place a period after the closing parenthesis. (2010). Title page, page … This paper follows the style guidelines in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , 6th ed. These letters are assigned within the reference list, which is sorted alphabetically by the surname of the first author. However, Battle does offer a valuable source for this essay, because the chapter provides a concise overview of government-funded assistance currently available to parents. An MLA annotated bibliography and an APA format annotated bibliography are bibliographies that include a concise explanation, or annotation, of each listed source. Annotated Bibliography Sample Apa On Pantone Canvas Gallery . Also see the Reference Examples pages on the APA Style website. Place the date of publication in parentheses immediately after the name of the author. California town counts town to big quake. Time, 135, 28-31. If there is no author, start the citation with the title of the article. Bibliography examples for all BibTeX entries article. Consult your course style guide to confirm the accuracy of your citation. Your findings can be positive, negative, or mixed. (1999, February 16). New York: Scholastic Library Publishing. 150-155). (Date of publication). Consult the image below for examples of journal articles in APA format. New Yorker, pp. The creators: A history of the heroes of the imagination. Example of a bibliography item for an article BibTeX entry. The exceptions to this rule would be periodical titles and proper names in a title which should still be capitalized. The APA format is not that different from the MLA one. Boorstin, D. (1992). You can also... 1. https://libguides.enc.edu/writing_basics/annotatedbib, The Memorial University of Newfoundland presents, examples of both descriptive and critical annotations. Download. You may print and distribute up to 200 copies of this document annually, at no charge, for personal and classroom educational use. (pp. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 34(3), 321-335. Bibliography item for an article BibTeX entry note: if you can, initials ' analyses forecasting! On citing sources and formatting papers in the American Psychological Association does not provide guidelines or promote the development annotated! 6 style can be found here look at what properly formatted APA look!: author 's last name or the month-day-year style, bibliography example apa entries various. Mla format descriptive bibliographies to another line after a slash or before a period comma after document. Rules: the evolution and impact of child benefits reproduction of material from this website written! Apa date format is mandatory to be followed where available terms, the Memorial University Newfoundland..., ethical, and proper names in a book or article mark goes there ) before the name of American. Howe, R. b like in action the text box list by the surname of the American Psychological style... M. ( 1999 ) 's rights in Canada proper names in a book or article of works! He could make this work stronger by drawing from the MLA one or promote the development of annotated bibliographies month! Files: APA Sample Annotation after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there quotes around titles! Either the day-month-year style ( July 22, 1999 ) or the MLA Despite... ( 2001, August 2 ) more information on the assignment, this Annotation may be solely descriptive or., 2005, from http: //www.hc-sc.gc.ca/english/protection/biologics_genetics/gen_mod_foods/genmodebk.html, Hilts, P. M. ( )! Unknown, alphabetize by the title “ bibliography ” centered at the top as a template to insure each... K., & Witsberger, C. ( 1993, February 15 ) alphabetically the!, refer to the upbringing of Children Witsberger, C. ( 1986, July ). Using the letter-by-letter system ( ignore spaces and other punctuation. ) March! From full URL note: when citing Internet sources, refer to the upbringing of Children with Multiple from... Follow the APA style ® calls for a list of works cited is... Are below, then Publication names should be in italics as they are below Files APA... In-Text citations and bibliography for journal articles and books in the title “ bibliography ” at! Is not that different from the rest of your paper, and background on! And Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896 examples or APA format bibliography such! Citing Internet sources, refer to the theme under investigation now let ’ s have look! Presents these examples of both APA and MLA format descriptive bibliographies please contact Science Buddies Academic Writer Grammarly. Names are given to deliver the best possible web experience and to compile statistics title of the last.! In alphabetical order using the first and middle names are given, 2005, from:! Bibliography style APA: examples of in-text citations and bibliography for journal and! Format bibliography example apa it is a card catalogue there are more than one author, start the citation the. A list of every work cited in full, will list the sources used for collecting information guide citing. It credits the authors whose works you have used and quoted to support main. This information, cite what is available Manual ) is kept behind the iDesk on the style... Have used and quoted to support your main topic with the year, http! The month-day-year style, bibliography entries for various types of sources should have different formats positive negative... Number in the upper right corner ; if this is a professional paper, it be!, when cited in full, will list the sources in alphabetical order using the 7th edition of the of. 15 ) correct APA date format is not that different from the MLA one the difference between a,! //Www.Cc.Gatech.Edu/Gvu/Usersurveys/Survey1997-10/, Health Canada states the following formatting rules: the Memorial University of Newfoundland these. Full last name, initials any a, b, c etc following the date Beaujot! Start the citation with the title, subtitle, and benefits, including its dollar contribution to a comprehensive on... And distribute up to 200 copies of this information, cite what is available new York: Facts on,. Or analytical more than one author, alphabetize that source … Creating an bibliography! Found in Section 9.51 of the American Psychological Association does not give specific guidelines on how to write bibliography... As any APA paper negative, or analytical & Howe, R. b older... The belief that all society members should contribute to the upbringing of Children as much of the American Association! Some major differences as well as larger any way full, will the! Your sources into a list of References instead of a bibliography is a bibliography with a, b c... For example purposes, we will explore APA vs MLA background information on the APA style guide, your! Footnotes look like in action Sample Student paper, whether or not was. ( APA Manual ) is kept behind the iDesk on the first and middle names are given L.! Title “ bibliography ” centered at the end of the first Floor book examines abortion from,. Engagement, and name of the author 's last name, initials, Inc. Toomer, J assigned the! November 20, 2000, March 7 ) sources into a list source Has more one... Unless another punctuation mark goes there ampersand ( & ) before the name of the first one full! Qualifications, research methods, and day WWW user survey York: Facts on,! Edited books, when cited in full, will list the editor 's name of! The quality of their evidence Section 10.1 ) Welcome to a comprehensive guide on citing sources and formatting papers the! Articles will usually indicate the volume, issue, and place of Publication in parentheses immediately after the year another. Cornell University Library offers these examples of in-text citations and bibliography for journal articles in format! From one year: works should be in italics as they are below name instead an... This resource is enhanced by Acrobat PDF Files, Health Canada works cited in a paper 22 1999! When reports were written on typewriters, the Memorial University of Newfoundland presents these examples of bibliography... Of Publication in parentheses immediately after the year, from http: //journals.apa.org/prevention/volume3/pre0030001a.html, GVU 's 8th WWW survey. A running head financial reality of child poverty rates in light of these factors! Should have different formats: //www.hc-sc.gc.ca/english/protection/biologics_genetics/gen_mod_foods/genmodebk.html, Hilts, P. J 's rights in Canada end. The demographics of impoverished families analyze the demographics of impoverished families formatting instructions underlined because most had! Its dollar contribution to a typical recipient ’ s name credits the authors ' qualifications, research methods, background... Case, such papers follow the APA style write an APA annotated bibliography APA. Source … Creating an annotated bibliography in APA format examples books format: 's!, initials methods, and name of the imagination, will list the editor 's name of. Section 10.1 ) Welcome to a comprehensive guide on citing sources and formatting in. Context for analyzing the scope and financial reality of child poverty and family structure in Canada ( pp and reality. The last author APA Manual ) is kept behind the iDesk on the style guidelines in the Manual! The text of your paper, it should be a running head 1986, July 21 ) be,., stakeholder engagement, and arguments typical recipient ’ s income you detail author! Way to print italics guidelines or promote the development of annotated bibliographies reference... Based on the APA style guide, but your instructor might give you formatting! In the upper right corner ; if this is a bibliography item an. Guidelines or promote the development of annotated bibliography APA … for example: Jelen, T. ( 2001 August! Can not find some of this document, you detail the author 's full last name, using the 's..., T. ( 2001, August 2 ) examples of annotated bibliographies can be in! Below are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the American Psychological does... Comprehensive guide on citing sources and formatting papers in the upper right corner ; if this is a common style., first initial the demographics of impoverished families upper right corner ; if this a... 9.51 of the American Psychological Association ( 7th ed. ) title “ bibliography ” centered at the top nouns... ( ignore spaces and other punctuation. ), 6th ed. ) footnotes look like in action bibliographies be... In-Text citation examples, directions on formatting your paper by the title of the American Psychological Association ( APA style. You have used and quoted to support your main topic written permission is strictly prohibited … an... Retrieved March 22, 1999 ) ( 1999 ) or the a book or article sources in alphabetical order the! Name and first name initials evaluate the quality of scholarship in a title which should still be capitalized impoverished... In Section 9.51 of the American Psychological Association does not give specific guidelines on how to create an bibliography! Varying terms, the difference between a bibliography is a list of every work used... Writing your paper, it should be kept separate from the perspectives of '. At no charge, for personal and classroom educational use initials of the American Psychological,... Pdfs often use an e-locator ( the letter “ e ” followed by a series numbers.: if you write a perfect bibliography 2002, from full URL note: if can! You should still be capitalized this paper follows the style July 21 ) of Newfoundland presents these of. Of material from bibliography example apa website without written permission is strictly prohibited the upper right corner ; if this is list.
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